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Checklist to optimize the accessibility of your website

Updated: Mar 28, 2023

Checklist to optimize the accessibility of your website
Checklist to optimize the accessibility of your website

When you create a website it is significant, valuable and fundamental to take into account accessibility. This will allow all visitors to navigate without obstacles through your site, regardless of their disability or not.

What does accessibility mean?

Accessibility is nothing more than preparing your site or an application in such a way that they are accessible, navigable and usable for users with or without disabilities.

It is recommended that the site be adaptable for users with the following limitations:

Visuals: People with visual deficiency may depend on technological assistance such as screen readers, increased text size, color contrast increase, etc.

Motors: People with physical limitations to use peripherals such as mouse and keyboard, can use a eye control tool that allows users to interact with computers using only their eyes.

Auditives: People with hearing limitations can trust the existence of subtitles or audio transcripts on their website.

Congnitive: people with learning limitations, such as autism, ADHD, etc. For them it is important to build a website properly organized in their structure and consistent in their design.

Neurological: They are people with sensory sensibilities. For them it is advisable to reduce the movement of the animations of the elements or can take control over animated or moving elements.

The accessibility requirements will depend on the country or the region. The following list is universal regardless of the legislation of each region, given that each region takes into account the main concepts of accessibility:

1. The language of your site: when choosing the language of the site, technological assistance will adjust the speed, accent and tone of the content of the selected language.

2. Enable visual elements: The visual elements allow the user to see what position they are in.

3. Configure the site for screen readers: Screen readers are applications that allow to provide information on the elements present on the site, such as icons, menus, dialog boxes, etc. Some options for screen readers with voice or spells speaking that people with visual limitation use are: nonvisual desktop access (NVDA), Voice Over, Home Page Reader, etc.

4. Build, organize and well structure the website: This preparation contributes to the understanding of the site and its respective content.

5. Prepare the image, texts and graphics gallery: adding descriptions to your images using Alt Text is a good practice that allows search engines and screen readers to read them.

6. Use clear sources: guarantee an adequate selection of sources for reading people with visual disabilities.

7. Decrease the utilization of movements in the elements: moving elements can cause cognitive problems such as dizziness, seizures, etc.

8. That the archives, the audio, the videos and the forms are accessible: adding text descriptions, text transcripts to audio files, identify the fields of the form clearly, etc., the viewers with disabilities can enjoy and understand the content.

9. Add a declaration of accessibility to your site: This statement describes the policies, objectives and achievements related to accessibility.

You can guarantee the accessibility of your site either with an accessible assistant that reviews your site and offers you solutions of accessibility improvements or manually with the list that I have shown you.

If you want to know more about accessibility, send me your comment.

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